As a fan of Jay Z, how in the world did I not read this book six years ago when it was published? Part memoir, part lyrical analysis, Decoded is much better than what I had expected. In particular, the way he writes about the art of hip-hop and his appreciation for different kinds music and artists are compelling. I also glad that he doesn’t focus much on the business side. Unlike what I have read from some critics, the book lives up to his high standard. It is not a disappoitment at all. Now I understand why he rapped, “Fuck critics. You can kiss my whole asshole.” I still have mad respect for this guy.